Starting A Family Budget The Easy Way
My husband and I talked about starting a budget for a long time before we actually put a plan in action. Just the thought of starting a family budget was really overwhelming. It seemed so complicated at first. I had so many questions like, how do you categorize everything? What about expenses that fluctuate or aren’t monthly? Where do we even start? The best way to start is to take a step back and look at some practical steps toward formulating your family budget.
Actuals and Estimates
Remember that your budget is a tool, not a dream machine. Goals are important, but a family budget should first focus on the numbers you’re dealing with. That’s the basic first step. Once you have a grasp on that, you can begin a bit more idealizing, such as saving for vacations.
First, figure out your net income for each month. This means your income minus taxes, insurance, 401K deductions, and so forth. If you are self-employed, subtract estimated taxes, insurance costs, retirement account savings, etc. At this point, you just need numbers.
Next, figure out your monthly expenses. If they vary, figure out an average by looking at the last three to six months’ worth of expenses. For instance, if your electric bill was $150 last month, $140 the month before, and $175 the month before that, then you can estimate a monthly expense of around $155 for electricity. Alternatively, you could take the highest amount, $175, and go with that.
It’s always a good idea to keep your categories as general as possible while still preserving clarity. Otherwise, you might get confused or overwhelmed by all the “hair-splitting.” For example, instead of having “food, paper towels, soap, etc.” as categories, you can lump all those expenses under groceries. Items like “pet supplies” can be their own category, but you might want to include vet bills in that category. Here are some suggestions for categories:
* Paying off debt
* Home (mortgage, rent, property tax, insurance, repairs)
* Health Care
* Birthday and Christmas gifts
* Just in case (this is money set aside to offset surprises, mistakes, or unexpected expenditures)
* Personal (eating out, hair appointments, etc.)
Stop and Look
At this point, stop and take a look at what you’ve got so far. Are your expenses greater than your income? If so, It’s time to cut back significantly or find another source of income (or both).
So far, you have two columns – income and estimated expenses. Now you need to add another column: actual expenses. Keep track of the real numbers each week over the next month and see how much/if they differ.
Starting a family budget isn’t overwhelming if you know where to start. Use these tips to put your family finances on the right track. Before you know it sticking to your budget will be second nature for you.